Dual Flight with a Flight Instructor 
Alan Newton and Mark Young  of On-Track www.ontrackaviation.com/

The following guidance refers to the content of the dual training flight with a Flight Instructor (FI) or Class Rating Instructor Single Engine (CRI SE) for the purpose of re-validation of a single-engine piston (SEP) class rating

This flight may be included in the 12 hours required for the purpose of re-validation of a SEP class rating.

This flight may be replaced by any other proficiency check or skill test for a class or type rating or by a flight test for an IMC Rating

Content of the Flight
There is no set requirement for the dual flight, however, it may include issued listed below.
Section 1 - Pre-flight and Departure
(a) Aircraft knowledge
(b) Mass and balance
(c) Pre-flight preparation
(d) Pre-start and after starting checks
(e) Taxiing
(f) Pre-take-off procedures
(g) Take-off and departure from the aerodrome
(h) ATC liaison and compliance - altimeter setting and RT procedures
Section 2 - General Airwork
(a) Climbing at best angle and best rate
(b) Straight and level cruising flight
(c) Steep turns - at not less than 45 of bank
(d) Recovery from the power off clean stall - fully developed
(e) Recovery from the approach to the stall in the landing configuration
(f) Recovery from the approach to the stall in the approach configuration whilst in the turn
(g) Recovery from the incipient spin
Section 3 - Emergency Operation
(a) Simulated engine failure after take-off
(b) Simulated forced landing from a height of not less than 2000 ft
(c) Simulated precautionary landing
(d) Fire in the air and other simulated emergencies
Section 4 - Arrival and Landing Procedures
(a) Aerodrome arrival procedures
(b) Precision landing in accordance with performance criteria
(c) Flapless landing
(d) Cross wind landing - if conditions permit

Throughout all sections, compliance with check list and airmanship should be assessed

Conduct of the Flight
The aim of the flight is to assess pilot performance. If required instruction should be given to achieve a safe and adequate standard. Interjection should be kept to a minimum and the handling pilot debriefed after a particular exercise has been completed. The flight should be conducted in a relaxed manner throughout and at the working pace of the handling pilot
Post-Flight Action
Where the standard was sound and there was no need for instruction or where instruction took place during the course of the flight and the final standard reached was satisfactory, then the instructor should sign the logbook and record the flight as dual training
If the instructor is not satisfied with the standard achieved then the logbook should not be signed. In this case it is clear that further dual training must be recommended in the debrief.


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