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   fixed wing aircraft
  all about pilot ratings

  choosing a flight school
  Recreational Pilot Permit
  Private Pilot Licence
  Commercial pilot licence
  multi engine rating
  night rating
  floatplane rating requirements
  instrument rating
  instructor rating
  licence conversions

Instrument Rating

Instrument ratings are issued for aircraft in one of four groups.




All planes where the flight test was carried out in a multi-engine airplane.


Multi-engine and centre line thrust & single engine planes where the flight test was done in a multi-engine centre line thrust airplane.


Single engine airplanes where the flight test was done in a single engine airplane.


Helicopters where the flight test was carried out in a helicopter.

You must achieve a minimum of 70% on the written exam Instrument Rating (INRAT), which includes Canadian Aviation Regulations; Instrument Flight Rules and Procedures; Meteorology; Instruments; Radio and Radar Systems; and Navigation.

To obtain an instrument rating you must complete a minimum 50 hours PIC cross-country flight in airplanes or helicopters; 10 of which must be in the appropriate category. You must also complete 40 hours of instrument time - a maximum of which may be 20 hours Transport Canada approved simulator time.  Included in the 40 hours are five hours dual time obtained from a person with a flight instructor rating; 5 hours in airplanes; 15 hours of dual instrument flight time from a qualified person according to CARS subsection 425.21(9), and one dual cross-country flight under simulated or actual IMC conditions - minimum 100 nautical miles.  This flight is done according to an IFR flight plan, which includes, at two different locations, an instrument approach to minima.

You must complete a flight test in accordance with the Flight Test Standard - Instrument Rating (TP9939E) or a PPC for operations under IFR in accordance with part VI or part VII as applicable.